Study programmes / C-HE Horticultural Engineering / Organic Fruit Production
Course code:EOVO
Course title in language of instruction:Ekologické ovocnářství
Course title in Czech:Ekologické ovocnářství
Course title in English:Organic Fruit Production
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (4 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/2
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:master continuing
Semester:WS 2015/2016 - FH
Name of lecturer:Mgr. Radoslav Vlk, Ph.D. (supervisor)
Prerequisites:Bachelor State Exam
Aims of the course:The course presents the basic issues of ecological fruit growing.
The aim is to introduce students with the perspective of ecological fruit production, and emphasize the multifunctional functions organically grown fruit species (positive environmental and social impacts).
It uses advanced knowledge of research with relation to two basic pillars of organic farming (supporting biodiversity and management of soil fertility).
Presents modern and traditional techniques of organic farming (applied in fruit growing), fulfilling the concept of sustainable life of human society.
It introduces the main technologies of cultivation of fruit species, attention is paid to even the less widespread (minority)fruit species. An integral part of the recommendation of an appropriate range of varieties for organic production systems.
Course contents:
1.Introduction into organic fruit growing. Current problems of conventional farming. Definitions, principles and objectives of organic farming, the model of multifunctional and sustainable agriculture. Landscaping, environmental, ecological importance and social aspects. (allowance 2/0)
2.Historical development of different directions environmentally friendly approach in agriculture. Current legislation organic farming (OF). Certification and inspections. Development of organic farming in the EU countries, statistics in the areas of environmental regime. Meaning unions and their directives. Subsidies to organic farming. (allowance 2/2)
3.Caring for the soil fertility in organic farming, nutrient balance in an open agricultural system, try to minimize inputs with respect to the cycle of elements. Importance of soil microorganisms and humus. (allowance 2/0)
4.Establishment of ecological orchards. Selection of land in according with ecological requirements of fruit species, zoning. Soil preparation, mechanical and biological melioration. Fertilization, permitted organic and mineral fertilizers. (allowance 2/4)
5.Importance of biodiversity in organic orchards. Building ecological compensation areas. Support for natural enemies of pests and pathogens antagonists, increasing resistance environment. (allowance 2/2)
6.Farming equipment in intensive organic orchards. Fertilization and nutrition fruit-producing orchards, agricultural technology of soil, weed regulation by approved methods. Options thinning handles flowers and fruits. Applying rational, cut concept of quiet tree. (allowance 2/4)
7.Protection against diseases and pests in organic fruit growing. Preventive, biotechnical and biological methods to protect against injurious factors. Soil and plant conditioners, use bioagens and biopesticides (allowance 2/2)
8.Organic fruit nursery. The situation in the Czech Republic and foreign countries. Demands from the ÚKZÚZ and SRS. Procedures production of nursery material differences from conventional nurseries. The rules, threats and opportunities. (allowance 0/2)
9.Growing pomaceous fruits, and the recommended assortment for organic production. (allowance 4/2)
10.Cultivation stone fruit and recommended assortment for organic production. (allowance 2/2)
11.Growing hazelnut and walnut tree, berry plants and a recommended assortment for organic production. (allowance 2/2)
12.Growing minor fruit species, the importance for the diversification of the company and the ecological stability of the agricultural system. (allowance 2/0)
13.Extensive ecological fruit growing. Characteristics and differences from intensive system. Production potential in marginal areas, the use of traditional varieties for regional products. The recommended assortment for the main fruit species. (allowance 2/2)
14.Organic fruit growing in the Czech Republic, compared to developed countries. The significance of the PRO-BIO directive. Subsidy titles. Promotion, marketing and sales opportunities bioovoce - examples in the form of an excursion to an organic farm. (allowance 2/4)

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
-ability to apply knowledge
-designing and managing projects
-general knowledge
-leadership skills
-professional knowledge
-skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
-Competence to establish, maintain and restore extensive fruit plantations
-Fruit species and varieties.
-Skill of high stem nursery production o fruit trees in CAC category of propagating material.
-Skills to grow fruit crops in low input system using functional biodiversity
-Understanding of technology base in reproduction of fruit species and varieties.

Type of course unit:optional
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:Credit:
- elaboration of semester work
- credit test
- the oral exam takes about 30 minutes and a student answers two questions from following topics.
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture24 h
     practice24 h
     field work7 h
     preparation for exam30 h
     preparation for regular testing14 h
     writing of seminar paper14 h
Total113 h

Basic reading list
  • JÁNSKÝ, J. -- ŽIVĚLOVÁ, I. Trh s ekologickým ovocem a zeleninou v itálii. In Sborník prací z mezinárodní vědecké konference Agrární perspektivy - Trvale udržitelný rozvoj agrárního sektoru - výzvy a rizika. 1st ed. Praha: ČZU v Praze, Provozně ekonomická fakulta, 2004, p. 127--131. ISBN 80-213-1190-8.
  • Acta Horticulturae. Leuven, Belgium: ISHS, 342 p. ISBN 978-90-6605-523-0.
  • ŠARAPATKA, B. -- NIGGLI, U. et al. Agriculture and Landscape: The Way to Mutual Harmony. 1st ed. Olomouc: Palacký University in Olomouc, 2012. 267 p. ISBN 978-80-244-2824-6.
  • HÄSELI, A. -- WEIBEL, F. -- BRUNNER, H. Organic Cultivation of Standard Orchards. 1st ed. FiBL/OACC, 2005. 20 p. 0006.
  • Organic fruit growing. ISBN 0-85199-640-X. URL:
  • FRANCIS, C A. Organic farming: the ecological system. Madison: American Society of Agronomy :, 353 p. Agronomy monograph ;. ISBN 978-0-89118-173-6.
  • ŠARAPATKA, B. -- URBAN, J. et al. Ekologické zemědělství: učebnice pro školy i praxi. 1st ed. Šumperk,: PRO-BIO, 2005. 334 p. ISBN 80-903583-0-6.
  • ŠARAPATKA, B. -- URBAN, J. et al. Ekologické zemědělství v praxi. Šumperk: PRO-BIO, 2006. 502 p. ISBN 80-87080-00-9.
  • ŠARAPATKA, B. -- NIGGLI, U. et al. Zemědělství a krajina - cesty k vzájemnému souladu. 1st ed. Olomouc: Univerzita palackého v Olomouci, 2008. 262 p. ISBN 978-80-244-1885-8.