Study programmes / B-HE Horticultural Engineering / Genetics
Course code:KGEN
Course title in language of instruction:K-Genetika
Course title in Czech:K-Genetika
Course title in English:Genetics
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (5 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:part-time, 18/9
(part-time, lectures per period / seminars per period)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor
Semester:SS 2019/2020 - FH
Name of lecturer:doc. Mgr. Miroslav Baránek, Ph.D. (instructor, lecturer, supervisor)
Ing. Jana Čechová, Ph.D. (instructor, lecturer)
prof. RNDr. Miroslav Pidra, CSc. (examiner, instructor, lecturer, tutor)
Prerequisites:none
 
Aims of the course:To deep and develop high school's knowledge of genetics by mens of new knowledge of plant physiology and botany.
To learn the students how to understand genetics in wider context of biological sciences. To show students the possibilities of the practical application of modern genetics and genomics in agriculture and horticulture.
Course contents:
1.Introduction and basics of molecular genetics (allowance 6/4)
 
a.The history of genetics. Reproduction of the organisms and its genetic implications, the key role of meiosis.
b.The structure of the NK, the genetic code, the central dogma. Replication and expression of the eukaryotic genome. The regulation of expression.
c.The Organization of eukaryotic genome, the particularities of the genome of higher plants

2.Basics of General genetics (allowance 6/4)
 
a.Mendelian principles of segregation, and combination. Interaction of alleles of the same gene.
b.Different genes alleles interaction: epistasis, inhibition, complementarity, multiplicity.
c.The nature of quantitative characters. Additive system, interactions in polygen systems. Genetic and non genetic variability, heritability. Heterosis, the combination ability.
d.Genetic linkage. The principles of linkage mapping. Sex determination on chromosome and genotype level. Sex determination in plants. The sex linked inheritance.

3.Instability and the genome changes (allowance 6/2)
 
a.Gene mutations. Induction and detection of mutations, the mechanism of mutations. Repair processes. Chromosome aberrations. The mechanism of chromosome aberrations, types of aberrations. Cytological maps and comparison with linkage maps. Genome mutation. Polyploidy, aneuploidy, haploidy. Characteristics of the extranuclear inheritance.
b.Chloroplast and mitochondrial genome. Expression of chloriplast and mitochondrial genes. Transposons, external manifestation, the molecular nature of them, the genome instability.

4.Population genetics and evolutionary genetics (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Genotype and phenotype structure of the populations. Hardy-Weinberger balance. The systematic processes and dispersion process.
b.Driving forces and mechanisms of evolution. Synthesis of Darwin's evolutionary theory and genetics. Neodarwinisms and Kimura's theory of neutral evolution.

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-ability to analyse and synthesize
-ability to communicate with professionals in different field of study
-ability to create new ideas (creativity)
-ability to speak and write in mother tongue
-ability to work in international context
-ability to work independently
-capacity to learn
-communication in second language
-ethical commitment
-general knowledge
-professional knowledge
-science and research skills
-skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
 
-Prediction of organisms and populations reactions on an environment during the next generations
-The ability to assess the the changes in plant metabolism on the basis of information about the genome and transkriptome
-The ability to describe the genotype of parental generation on the basis of progeny analyses
-The ability to estimate the genetic variability in populations as well as in progenies of individual parents

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:Examination: written test (must achieve 80% correct answers), oral exam
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodCombined form
Direct teaching
     lecture18 h
     practice9 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam50 h
     preparation for regular testing35 h
     writing of seminar paper28 h
Total140 h

Basic reading list
  • SNUSTAD, P. -- SIMMONS, M. Genetika. Brno: Masarykova univerzita Brno, 2009. 871 p. ISBN 978-80-210-4852-2.
  • URBAN, T. -- VYHNÁNEK, T. Virtuální svět genetiky 1. Brno: MZLU v Brně, 2006. 138 p. CD-ROM. ISBN 80-7157-613-1.
  • URBAN, T. -- VYHNÁNEK, T. Virtuální svět genetiky 1 - základní principy genetiky.  [online]. 2006. URL: http://user.mendelu.cz/urban/vsg1/.