Study programmes / B-ARB Arboristics / Anatomy and Physiology of Trees
Course code:AFD
Course title in language of instruction:Anatomie a fyziologie dřevin
Course title in Czech:Anatomie a fyziologie dřevin
Course title in English:Anatomy and Physiology of Trees
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (5 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/2; part-time, 19/0
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week; part-time, lectures per period / seminars per period)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor
Semester:WS 2018/2019 - FFWT
Name of lecturer:doc. Ing. Roman Gebauer, Ph.D. (examiner, instructor, lecturer, tutor)
Ing. Marie Matoušková (instructor)
doc. Ing. Josef Urban, Ph.D. (examiner, instructor, lecturer, supervisor, tutor)
Aims of the course:Introduction to the cytology, anatomy, morphology and physiology of higher plants with main focus on trees. After absolving this course student will be able to describe processes which influence tree growth from the cell to the tree level. This knowledge will be useful in further study of the forest ecosystem.
Course contents:
1.Cytology (allowance 3/2)
a.a. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
b. Structural characteristics of plant cells with attention to the cell wall, nucleus, plastids, mitochondria, endoplasmatic complex and cytoskeleton.
c. The importance of compartmental organization.

2.Histology (allowance 3/3)
a.a. Primary and secondary meristems, cell division and diferentiation.
b. Types of plant cells and tissues. Simple and complex tissues. Tissue systems: meristems, epidermal, water-conducting and ground tissues, their structure and functions.

3.Plant physiology (allowance 4/0)
a.a. Photosynthesis
b. Water transport
c. Mineral nutrition of plants, growth processes in plants, stress physiology.

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
-capacity to learn
-general knowledge
-professional knowledge
-science and research skills
-skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
-Ability of taking care of the trees based on their physiology
-Abstract thinking development
-General competences
-Problem solving ability
-Subject-specific competences:
-Tree work proposal
-Understanding of effect of stress on tree physiology
-Understanding of tree properties based on its anatomical structure
-Understanding of tree properties based on its physiology

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:The course is finished after following points are fulfill - compulsory participation on practical lessons, creation of protocols from practical lessons, written test from practical lesson (composed from practical - anatomical description of micropictures - and theoretical part). Exam has to part - written test (30 minutes) and oral exam. Student has to answer at least 50% of asked questions to past the exam.
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendanceCombined form
Direct teaching
     lecture28 h19 h
     practice28 h0 h
     preparation for exam42 h60 h
     preparation for regular assessment28 h32 h
     elaboration of reports14 h29 h
Total140 h140 h

Basic reading list
  • PROCHÁZKA, S. et al. Botanika: morfologie a fyziologie rostlin. 3rd ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 2007. 242 p. ISBN 978-80-7375-125-8.
  • HOLBROOK, N M. -- ZWIENIECKI, M A. Vascular transport in plants. Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic Press, 2005. 564 p. Physiological ecology series. ISBN 0-12-088457-7.
  • Introduction to plant ecology: a guide for beginners in the Study of Plant Communities. London: Allen & Unwin, 1946. 260 p.
  • Physiological plant ecology: ecophysiology and stress physiology of functional groups. 4th ed. Berlin: Springer, 513 p. ISBN 3-540-43516-6.
  • The ecology of plants. 2nd ed. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates, Inc., 574 p. ISBN 978-0-87893-294-8.