Study programmes / B-ARB Arboristics / Tree Pathology and Phytosanitary Regulations
Course code:CHDAR
Course title in language of instruction:Choroby dřevin a rostlinolékařství
Course title in Czech:Choroby dřevin a rostlinolékařství
Course title in English:Tree Pathology and Phytosanitary Regulations
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (5 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/2/2 (hours weekly/ hours weekly/ days in semester); part-time, 19/0/0 (h/h/days in semester)
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week; part-time, lectures per period / seminars per period)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor; master
Semester:WS 2019/2020 - FFWT
Name of lecturer:Ing. Miloň Dvořák, Ph.D. (examiner, instructor, lecturer, tutor)
prof. Dr. Ing. Libor Jankovský (supervisor)
Ing. Dagmar Palovčíková (examiner, instructor, lecturer)
Ing. Jiří Rozsypálek (examiner, instructor)
Prerequisites:none
 
Aims of the course:The goal is to learn about the action of biotic and abiotic agents to stress the concept of tree species in ecology, is exactly the aim of identifying stressors, focusing on fungal pathogens, their mutual intereakce, cooperation, identify primary and secondary factors that affect the health of trees as a basis to propose curative measures for improving the health of trees in compliance with the legislation.
1 The concept of health of trees
2Plant health legislation in relation to arboriculture, national and international legislation,
3Identification Methods in Plant pathology; symptomatic methods, microscopy, biochemical methods, DNA methods, diagnostic service
4The main groups of pathogens of trees
5Diseases of roots - wood mushrooms and fungi of the genus Phytophthora
6 Stem disease - wood mushrooms
7Vascular fungi - fungi ophiostomatal fungi
8Diseases of the assimilation apparatus of trees - needle blighta, needle cast, leaf spots
9Diseases of the cambium - bark necrosis
10The main diseases of conifers and their role in arboriculture - decays, vascular mycoses, fliage disease
11The main diseases of deciduous trees and their role in arboriculture
12The main diseases of deciduous trees and their role in arboriculture- vaskulár mycoses,
13.Nematodes on tree species
14 Current problems of health of trees
15 Invasive species of fungal pathogens, quarantine disease , the risk of introduction of new types of pathogens
Course contents:
1.Tree diseases (allowance 3/1)
 
a.a. etiology of diseases
B. Biotic interactions
c. Infectious cycles
 d Reaction of plants to infectious agents
 e relationship Genetics host - pathogen
 F. Terms and development of disease
 g Epidemiology, the principle of a sudden the pathogen
 h Methods of Determination of pathogens (habitual diagnosis, macroscopic characteristics of the pathogen, the pathogen microscopic characteristics, biochemical diagnostic methods, PCR methods)
 I. Climate change impact on tree species and vegetation

2.Tree diseases (allowance 7/12)
 
a.a. Symptoms a b Predisposing factors
 C. Decomposition of wood decaying fungi
 D. Diseases seeds
 e Diseases of seedlings and transplants
 Diseases of the roots of f
 Diseases strain g
 H. Diseases of the assimilation apparatus
 i wood mushrooms
 J. Vascular mycosis
 K. Diseases of deciduous trees
 l Diseases of conifers
 m quarantine disease

3.Phytosanitary, elemenatary Forest protection (allowance 2/1)
 
a.A. Introduction to phytosanitary
 B. International Phytosanitary care, EPPO, the European Commission legislation
 C. National legislation
 D. List of active substances, protective means
 E. Registration of preparations
 f Principles of the use protective means

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-ability to analyse and synthesize
-ability to apply knowledge
-ability to solve problems
-ability to work independently
-capacity to learn
-professional knowledge
-science and research skills
-skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
 
-Ability to recognize, determine, distinguish and systematize various biotic and abiotic objects
-Ability to salve of complexis of the problems
-Abitity to take care for woody plants with respect to their ecophysiological and aestethic characteristics
-Competences and skills to do the hazard tree assessment
-Interpretation of data analysis ability
-Knowledge in indigenous and common cultural woody plant species
-Tree evaluation capability

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:Practical examination - practical knowledge about 60 diseases of forest trees according to symptoms
 Oral examination students work placement test in the range of 45 minutes, successful students then progress to the oral part, which takes about 60 minutes and that are verified by knowledge and ability to synthesize lessons learned.
 First The concept of health of trees
 Second Plant health legislation in relation to arboristice, national and international legislation, the duty manager for green
 Third Identification Methods in Plant; symptomatic methods, microscopy, biochemical methods, DNA methods, diagnostic service
 4th The main groups of pathogens of trees
 5th Diseases roots - wood mushrooms and fungi of the genus Phytophthora
 6th Diseases tribes - wood mushrooms
 7th Vascular mycosis - ophiostomatální mushrooms
 8th Diseases of the assimilation apparatus trees - fallen, needle blight, leaf blight
 9th Diseases cambium - Korn originators necrosis
 10th The main diseases of conifers and their role in arboristice - rot, vascular mycosis, herbaceous disease, diseases of the assimilation apparatus
 11th The main diseases of deciduous trees and their role in arboristice. rot
 12th The main diseases of deciduous trees and their role in arboristice - vaskulátrní fungi, disease assimilation apparatus
 13th Nematodes of trees
 14th Current problems of health of trees
 15th Invasive species of fungal pathogens, disease quarantine, the risk of introduction of new types of pathogens
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendanceCombined form
Direct teaching
     lecture28 h28 h
     practice28 h0 h
     professional educational excursion16 h0 h
     consultation0 h16 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam48 h60 h
     preparation for regular assessment20 h36 h
Total140 h140 h

Basic reading list
  • KOLAŘÍK, J. et al. Péče o dřeviny rostoucí mimo les. Vlašim: ČSOP, 2005. 720 p. Metodika Českého svazu ochránců přírody ;. ISBN 80-86327-44-2.
  • NIENHAUS, F. -- HELEBRANT, L. -- BUTIN, H. -- BÖHMER, B. Atlas chorob a škůdců okrasných dřevin. 3rd ed. Praha: Brázda, 1998. 287 p. ISBN 80-209-0275-9.
  • HARTMANN, G. -- BUTIN, H. -- NIENHAUS, F. Atlas poškození lesních dřevin: diagnóza škodlivých činitelů a vlivů : 517 barevných foto. 3rd ed. Praha: Brázda, 2001. 289 p. ISBN 80-209-0297-X.
  • NIENHAUS, F. -- BUTIN, H. Farbatlas Gehölzkrankenheiten: Ziersträucher und Parkbäume. Stuttgart: Verlag Eugen Ulmer, 1992. 287 p. ISBN 3-8001-4088-8.
  • BUTIN, H. -- NIENHAUS, F. Farbatlas Gehölzkrankheiten: Ziersträucher und Parkbäume. 3rd ed. Stuttgart (Hohenheim): Ulmer, 2003. 287 p. ISBN 3-8001-3874-3.
  • HARTMANN, G. -- NIENHAUS, F. -- BUTIN, H. Farbatlas Waldschäden : Diagnose von Baumkrankheiten. 2nd ed. Stuttgart: Ulmer Verlag, 1995. 288 p. ISBN 3-8001-3351-2.
  • BUTIN, H. Krankheiten der Wald- und Parkbäume : Diagnose - Biologie - Bekämpfung. 3rd ed. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag, 1996. 261 p. ISBN 3-13-639003-2.
  • BUTIN, H. Tree diseases and disorders: causes, biology, and control in forest and amenity trees. 1st ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995. 252 p. ISBN 0-19-854932-6.