Study programmes / B-ARB Arboristics / Chemistry for Arboristics
Course code:CARB
Course title in language of instruction:Chemie pro arboristiku
Course title in Czech:Chemie pro arboristiku
Course title in English:Chemistry for Arboristics
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (5 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/2; part-time, 14/5
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week; part-time, lectures per period / seminars per period)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor
Semester:WS 2018/2019 - FFWT
Name of lecturer:Mgr. Olga Kryštofová, Ph.D. (instructor)
doc. Ing. Jan Pospíchal, CSc. (examiner, lecturer, supervisor)
Prerequisites:none
 
Aims of the course:Acquisition of fundamental knowledge of general, inorganic and organic chemistry is necessary for understanding of plant and animal physiology and biochemistry. Structure of course includes acquisition of knowledge of the system, structure and properties of chemical compounds with emphasis on application in each field of study.
Course contents:
1.Atomic and molecular structure (dotace 4/0) (allowance 4/0)
 
a.Atomic structure: atomic nucleus, electron shell
b.Periodic table, periodicity of chemical properties
c.Molecular structure: chemical bonding, intermolecular bonding, hydrogen bond

2.State of matter (dotace 2/0) (allowance 4/0)
 
a.Gases: ideal and real gas laws
b.Liquids: vapor pressure, surface tension, contact angle
c.Solids: bonds, crystal and amorphous structure, isomorphism, polymorphism

3.Thermodynamics principles (dotace 3/0) (allowance 3/0)
 
a.Bioenergetics: first law of thermodynamics, enthalpy. Second law of thermodynamics, entropy. Gibbs free energy. Thermodynamics and living systems.
b.Reaction kinetics: Reaction rate, activation energy. Catalyst, inhibition.
c.Equilibriums: General terms. Phase equilibrium, Gibbs law. Chemical equilibrium: Guldberg-Waage law, equilibrium constant. Le Chatelier's principle, changing the conditions.

4.Dispersion systems (dotace 2/0) (allowance 2/0)
 
a.General terms. Solution. Henry's law, Raoult's law, their applications. Osmotic pressure. Diffusion, Fick's law.

5.Reaction in solution (dotace 3/0) (allowance 3/0)
 
a.Electrolyts, their dissociation.
b.Acid-base reactions: acids, bases, their dissociation. pH, calculations of pH value. Isoelectric point. Structure and acid-base properties.
c.Solubility reactions: solubility products. Formation and properties of precipitation.
d.Complex formation: equilibrium, stability constants. Central ions, ligands.
e.Electrochemistry: general terms. Electrode potential, Nernst equation, Nernst-Peterson equation.

6.Chemistry of organic compounds (dotace 6/0) (allowance 6/0)
 
a.Organic bond, constitution, conformation.
b.Mechanism of organic reactions.
c.Hydrocarbons.
d.Hydroxy and sulphur derivates of hydrocarbons. Heterocyclic compounds (with O, S, N).
e.Carbonyl compounds: aldehydes, ketones.
f.Carboxyl acids and their derivates.

7.Chemistry and biochemistry of nature matter (dotace 8/0) (allowance 8/0)
 
a.Saccharides: mono-, oligo-, polysaccharides, their reactions and derivates.
b.Plant metabolism: general term, biocatalysis.
c.Photosynthesis, primary and secondary proceses.
d.Saccharides metabolism in plants.
e.Biochemistry important aminoacids, peptides, proteins.
f.Secondary compounds in plants.

8.Laboratory practice (dotace 0/28) (allowance 0/28)
 
a.Laboratory practice of qualitative analytical chemistry
b.Laboratory practice of quantitative analytical chemistry
c.pH, their measurement
d.Qualitative and quntitative reaction of saccharides
e.Terpens and plant pigments: isolation and chromatographic analyses
f.Proteins: isolation and reactions
g.Enzyme activities determination

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-ability to analyse and synthesize
-ability to work independently
-general knowledge
-skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
 
-Ability to execute laboratory experiments
-Student gains ability to prepare exact concentration of the solutions and use it for the cultivation of plants, trees and forest.
-Student gains applicable knowledge of chemistry in arboristics.
-Student gains information about influence of chemicals factor /pH, concentration of nutrition elements/ in arboristics.
-Student gains information about use of dangerous chemicals in arboristics.

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:Credit from the laboratories course is obligatory for final exam participation - 100% participation in labs, submission of all protocols, three partial written tests will be given during the course with need of minimum 50% of total mark, minimum 50% of successful real samples analysis.
Final exam is 50 minutes written tests consisting of three parts - 50% of the total mark theory -- wrong answers are subtracted, 50% of the total mark from terminology and 75% from chemical calculations (from two test calculations).
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendanceCombined form
Direct teaching
     lecture28 h9 h
     practice28 h10 h
     consultation14 h25 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam70 h70 h
     preparation for regular assessment0 h16 h
     writing of seminar paper0 h10 h
Total140 h140 h

Basic reading list
  • KOUTNÍK, V. Chemie. 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 1995. 203 p. ISBN 80-7157-143-1.
  • VACÍK, J. Obecná chemie. 1st ed. Praha: SPN, 1986. 303 p. Učebnice pro vysoké školy.
  • VACEK, L. Organická chemie.
  • PACÁK, J. Stručné základy organické chemie. 1st ed. Praha: SNTL, 1975. 471 p.
  • HRDLIČKA, P. -- STŘELCOVÁ, M. Chemie obecná a anorganická : (laboratorní cvičení). 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 2004. 70 p. ISBN 978-80-7375-442-632010.
  • ABSOLÍNOVÁ, H. Organická chemie (cvičení). 2nd ed. Brno: Mendelova univerzita v Brně, 2010. 46 p. ISBN 978-80-7375-374-0.
  • HRDLIČKA, P. Chemie dřeva: (návody do cvičení). 1st ed. Brno: Vysoká škola zemědělská, 1992. 39 p. ISBN 80-7157-050-8.
Recommended reading list
  • General Chemistry: Print Test Bank to Accompany Russell's. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1992. 282 p. ISBN 0-07-054558-8.
  • VODRÁŽKA, Z. Biochemie. 2nd ed. Praha: Academia, 1996. 186 p. ISBN 80-200-0600-1.