Study programmes / B-AS Agricultural Specialization / Environmental Microbiology
Course code:MIPR
Course title in language of instruction:Mikrobiologie prostředí
Course title in Czech:Mikrobiologie prostředí
Course title in English:Environmental Microbiology
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (6 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/2
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor
Semester:SS 2019/2020 - FA
Name of lecturer:Ing. Jitka Čermáková (instructor)
doc. Ing. Libor Kalhotka, Ph.D. (instructor)
Ing. Petr Kouřil (instructor)
Mgr. Irina Mikajlo (instructor)
Ing. Michaela Stroblová, Ph.D. (examiner, instructor, lecturer)
Ing. Ivan Tůma, Ph.D. (examiner, instructor, lecturer)
Ing. Jaroslav Záhora, CSc. (examiner, instructor, lecturer, supervisor)
Prerequisites:Chemistry or Chemistry - P or Geology
 
Aims of the course:Basic knowledge about history and evolution of microbiology. General knowledge of the Environmental Microbiology with emphasis on knowledge of basic characteristics of microorganisms. The importance of microbial activity for the stability of the different environmental components.
Course contents:
1.Basic characteristics of microorganisms (allowance 6/8)
 
a.The structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microbial cells and their chemical composition
b.Growth, reproduction methods and types of metabolism of the microorganisms

2.The influence of abiotic and biotic factors on the activity of microorganisms (allowance 6/6)
 
a.Abiotic factors (temperature, water, oxygen, pH, pressure, radiation, oxidored.potentiál)
b.Biotic factors (interactions between organisms, microorganisms and plants, microorganisms and animals)
c.Anthropogenic factors

3.Microflora of basic components of the environment (allowance 6/6)
 
a.Microbiology of water and air
b.Soil microbiology

4.The role of microorganisms in the cycles of carbon , nitrogen , phosphorus and sulfur in nature with special emphasis on agroecosystems (allowance 4/4)
5.Ecological and economic importance of microorganisms (allowance 6/4)
 
a.Symbiosis between plants and microorganisms (fixation of atmospheric nitrogen, mycorrhiza)
b.Decomposition of organic residues in soil and aquatic environments
c.Treatment and liquidation of waste, composting
d.Conversion and elimination of foreign substances in the environment (pesticide residues, organic pollutants, heavy metals)
e.Microorganisms and organic agriculture

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-ability to apply knowledge
-general knowledge
-skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
 
-A capability to orientate oneself in the interactions between prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms especially among microorganisms and environment
-Furthermore to understand the importance of microorganisms for the stability of biosphere, with special focus on the agroecosystems
-Knowledge and abilities concerning the range of live forms and species richness microorganisms
-Knowledge of basic groups of microorganisms and their living activities.
-Knowledge of basic characteristics of microbial biofilms
-Knowledge of specific symptoms of microbial metabolism.
-The student is able to use and apply knowledge of microorganisms in in comprehensive care for the landscape with special focus on the agroecosystems

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:Course credit: (requirements -- equivalent presence in seminars, prepared protocol from each seminar, final seminary credit test -- minimum at least 60% corrects answers). Preparation of the final semester project. Credit is compulsory for final exam participation.
Examination: writing preparation and oral exam (duration of 30 minutes in total) consist of 4 questions from separate thematic fields. Precondition for passing the subject - to answer each of the questions at least with mark "E".
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture28 h
     practice28 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam60 h
     preparation for regular assessment6 h
     preparation for regular testing8 h
     elaboration of reports26 h
     elaboration and execution of projects8 h
     writing of seminar paper4 h
Total168 h

Basic reading list
  • MADIGAN, M T. -- BROCK, T D. et al. Brock biology of microorganisms. 12th ed. San Francisco [u.a.: Pearson/Benjamin Cummings, ISBN 978-0-321-53615-0.
  • PEPPER, I L. -- GERBA, C P. Environmental Microbiology. San Diego: Academic Press, 2000. 585 p. ISBN 0-12-497570-4.
  • ŠROUBKOVÁ, E. Zemědělská mikrobiologie: (speciální část pro fytotechnický obor). 1st ed. Brno: Vysoká škola zemědělská, 1991. 73 p.
Recommended reading list
  • Poĺnohospodárska mikrobiológia. 1st ed. Bratislava: Príroda, 1987. 432 p.
  • Applied and Environmental Microbiology. ISSN 0099-2240.
  • Folia microbiologica: International Journal for General, Environmental and Applied Microbiology, and Immunology. Praha: ISSN 0015-5632.