Study programmes / B-AS Agricultural Specialization / Plant Anatomy and Physiology
Course code:AFYR
Course title in language of instruction:Anatomie a fyziologie rostlin
Course title in Czech:Anatomie a fyziologie rostlin
Course title in English:Plant Anatomy and Physiology
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (6 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/2
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor
Semester:WS 2019/2020 - FA
Name of lecturer:Ing. Marie Grulichová (instructor)
Ing. Helena Hanusová (instructor)
prof. RNDr. Ladislav Havel, CSc. (lecturer, supervisor)
Ing. Petr Kalousek, Ph.D. (instructor, lecturer)
Ing. Kamila Lónová (instructor)
MVDr. Ing. Václav Trojan, Ph.D. (instructor)
Aims of the course:The structure of vascular plants from the level of single cell to the level of whole organism and physiological functions of these structures will be presented. The students will attain knowledge of the structure of plant organism from cell to the whole organism level. The skills in speciman preparation for microscopic observation, light microscopy and laboratory equipment operation will be attained in the practical training.
Course contents:
1.Cell (allowance 2/2)
a.Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
b.Animal, plant and fungus cell
c.Chemical composition of cells
d.Cell structure - protoplast - biological membrane, cell organels, cytoskeleton, cytoplasm - structure and function

2.Cell (allowance 2/2)
a.Cell wall
b.Intercellular spaces
c.Cell division, mitosis

3.Tissues (allowance 1/1)
a.General characteristics and basic types of tissues
b.Classification if tissues according to cell wall thickness
c.Classification if tissues according to their function

4.Tissues and respiration (allowance 2/2)
a.Meristematic tissues
b.Protective tissue - primary, secondary

5.Tissues and absorbtion and transport of water and water solutions (allowance 2/2)
b.Conductive tissues - primary, secondary
c.Absorbtion and transport of water

6.Mineral nutrition (allowance 1/1)
a.Macroelements. Microelements
b.Absorbtion and transport
c.Importance of optimal, sub- and supreoptimal concentrations

7.Gases exchange (allowance 1/1)

8.Photosynthesis (allowance 2/2)
a.Photosynthetic tissues
b.Basic photosyntetic processes
c.Environmental conditions and photosynthesis

9.Root (allowance 1/1)
b.Structure - primary, secondary

10.Stem (allowance 1/1)
b.Structure - primary, secondary

11.Leaf and bud (allowance 1/1)

12.Flower (allowance 1/1)

13.Phytohormones (allowance 3/3)
a.Auxins, catokinins, giberrelins, brassinosteroids, abscissic acid, ethylen
b.Syntetic plant growth substances

14.Flowering and generative reproduction (allowance 1/1)

15.Seed and fruit (allowance 1/1)
a.Development and structure
b.Fruit classification

16.Plant integrity (allowance 2/2)

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
-ability to analyse and synthesize
-ability to speak and write in mother tongue
-capacity to learn

Specific competences:
-Ability to evaluate the influence of physiological processes on plant products
-Ability to evaluate the influence of physiological processes on the interaction of plants and environment
-Knowledge of the structure of plants from cells and tissues to organs
-Knowledge physiological processes in plants
-Skills with application of experiments studying physiological processes
-The ability to focus on issues of anatomy and physiology of plants

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:The course is finished and credits are obtained with successful completion of practical training (participation in the laboratory work /max. 2 excused absences are tolerated/, submission of protocols from laboratory topics, and receiving at least 66% points of maximum from 3 partial written tests. The examination consists of written and oral part. The written part consists of a written test (10 short questions). The minimum points which are necessary for to get to the oral part of the exam are 66% of maximum points. The oral part of the exam consists of 3 randomly selected questions. The questions relate to the syllabus topics. At least 50% of an excellent answer is necessary to pass the oral part successfully.
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture24 h
     laboratory work24 h
     consultation4 h
     preparation for exam70 h
     preparation for regular assessment6 h
     preparation for regular testing20 h
     elaboration of reports20 h
Total168 h

Basic reading list
  • PROCHÁZKA, S. et al. Botanika: morfologie a fyziologie rostlin. 3rd ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 2007. 242 p. ISBN 978-80-7375-125-8.
Recommended reading list
  • MAUSETH, J D. Botany : a introduction to plant biology. 3rd ed. Sudbury, Massachusetts: Jones and Bartlett, 2003. 848 p. ISBN 0-7637-2134-4.
  • Introduction to plant physiology. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1999. 512 p. ISBN 0-471-19281-3.
  • FITTER, A. Environmental physiology of plants. 3rd ed. San Diego: Academic Press, 367 p. ISBN 0-12-257766-3.