Study programmes / B-AS Agricultural Specialization / Chemistry - P
Course code:CHE-P
Course title in language of instruction:Chemie - P
Course title in Czech:Chemie - P
Course title in English:Chemistry - P
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (4 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/0
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor
Semester:WS 2018/2019 - FA
Name of lecturer:doc. Ing. Jan Pospíchal, CSc. (examiner, lecturer, supervisor)
Prerequisites:none
 
Aims of the course:Acquisition of fundamental knowledge of general, inorganic and organic chemistry is necessary for understanding of plant and animal physiology and biochemistry. Structure of course includes acquisition of knowledge of the system, structure and properties of chemical compounds with emphasis on application in each field of study.
Course contents:
1.1. Atomic and molecular structure (dotace 4/0) (allowance 4/0)
 
a.a. Atomic structure: atomic nucleus, electron shell
b.b. Periodic table, periodicity of chemical properties
c.c. Molecular structure: chemical bonding, intermolecular bonding, hydrogen bond

2.2. State of matter (dotace 2/0) (allowance 2/0)
 
a.a. Gases: ideal and real gas laws
b.b. Liquids: vapor pressure, surface tension, contact angle
c.c. Solids: bonds, crystal and amorphous structure, isomorphism, polymorphism

3.3. Thermodynamics principles (dotace 3/0) (allowance 3/0)
 
a.a. Bioenergetics: first law of thermodynamics, enthalpy. Second law of thermodynamics, entropy. Gibbs free energy. Thermodynamics and living systems.
b.b. Reaction kinetics: Reaction rate, activation energy. Catalyst, inhibition.
c.c. Equilibriums: General terms. Phase equilibrium, Gibbs law. Chemical equilibrium: Guldberg-Waage law, equilibrium constant. Le Chatelier's principle, changing the conditions.

4.4. Dispersion systems (dotace 2/0) (allowance 2/0)
 
a.a. General terms. Solution. Henry's law, Raoult's law, their applications. Osmotic pressure. Diffusion, Fick's law.

5.5. Reaction in solution (dotace 3/0) (allowance 3/0)
 
a.a. Electrolyts, their dissociation.
b.b. Acid-base reactions: acids, bases, their dissociation. pH, calculations of pH value. Isoelectric point. Structure and acid-base properties.
c.c. Solubility reactions: solubility products. Formation and properties of precipitation.
d.d. Complex formation: equilibrium, stability constants. Central ions, ligands.
e.e. Electrochemistry: general terms. Electrode potential, Nernst equation, Nernst-Peterson equation.

6.6. Chemistry of organic compounds (dotace 6/0) (allowance 6/0)
 
a.a. Organic bond, constitution, conformation.
b.b. Mechanism of organic reactions.
c.c. Hydrocarbons.
d.d. Hydroxy and sulphur derivates of hydrocarbons. Heterocyclic compounds (with O, S, N).
e.e. Carbonyl compounds: aldehydes, ketones.
f.f. Carboxyl acids and their derivates.

7.7. Chemistry and biochemistry of nature matter (dotace 8/0) (allowance 8/0)
 
a.a. Saccharides: mono-, oligo-, polysaccharides, their reactions and derivates.
b.b. Plant metabolism: general term, biocatalysis.
c.c. Photosynthesis, primary and secondary proceses.
d.d. Saccharides metabolism in plants.
e.e. Biochemistry important aminoacids, peptides, proteins.
f.f. Secondary compounds in plants.
g.g. Wood cell wall structure.

8.8. Everyday chemistry (allowance 1/0)

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-ability to solve problems
-ability to work independently
-basic computing skills
-general knowledge
-skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
 
- Student gains applicable knowledge in his subject of study.
-Ability to understand the basic chemical processes and natural law in enviromnent
-Student gains ability to prepare exact concentration of the solutions and use it for the cultivation of plants, trees and forest.
-Student gains information about influence of chemicals factor /pH, concentration of nutrition
-Student gains information about use of dangerous chemicals in his subject of study.

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:Credit from the laboratories course is obligatory for final exam participation - 100% participation in labs, submission of all protocols, three partial written tests will be given during the course with need of minimum 50% of total mark, minimum 50% of successful real samples analysis.
Final exam is 50 minutes written tests consisting of three parts - 50% of the total mark theory -- wrong answers are subtracted, 50% of the total mark from terminology and 75% from chemical calculations (from two test calculations).
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture28 h
     consultation14 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam70 h
Total112 h

Basic reading list
  • NEDOMA, J. -- KOUTNÍK, V. -- HRDLIČKA, P. Anorganická a analytická chemie. 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 1994. 224 p. ISBN 80-7157-133-4.
  • VACÍK, J. Obecná chemie. 1st ed. Praha: SPN, 1986. 303 p. Učebnice pro vysoké školy.
  • HRDLIČKA, P. -- STŘELCOVÁ, M. Chemie obecná a anorganická : (laboratorní cvičení). 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 2004. 70 p. ISBN 978-80-7375-442-632010.
  • ABSOLÍNOVÁ, H. Organická chemie - cvičení. 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 2002. 46 p. ISBN 80-7157-573-9.
  • FIKR, J. -- KAHOVEC, J. Názvosloví organické chemie. 2nd ed. Olomouc: Rubico, 2005. 247 p. ISBN 80-7346-017-3.
  • HRDLIČKA, P. Chemie I: (názvosloví a výpočtové úlohy). 1st ed. Brno: Vysoká škola zemědělská, 1987. 82 p.
  • Názvosloví anorganické chemie: pravidla k roku 1985. 3rd ed. Praha: Academia, 1987. 183 p.
  • POSPÍCHAL, J. Úschovna elektronických přednášek a literatury.  [online]. 2006. URL: http://jan.pospichal.biz.
Recommended reading list
  • HUBÁČEK, J. et al. Chemie pro vysoké školy zemědělské. 1st ed. Praha: Státní zemědělské nakladatelství, 1988. 767 p.
  • VACEK, L. Organická chemie. 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita, 1995. 227 p. ISBN 80-7157-140-7.
  • PACÁK, J. Jak porozumět organické chemii. 1st ed. Praha: Karolinum, 1997. 315 p. ISBN 80-7184-261-3.
  • SCHWARZENBACH, R P. -- GSCHWEND, P M. -- IMBODEN, D M. Environmental organic chemistry.  Hoboken, N.J. 2003. ISBN 0471350532, 0471649643. URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/bookhome/110474149.
  • CAREY, F A. Organic Chemistry. 4th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2000. 1108 p. ISBN 0-07-117499-0.