Study programmes / B-AGE Agricultural Engineering / Soil Science and Plant Nutrition
Course code:PEVR
Course title in language of instruction:Pedologie a výživa rostlin
Course title in Czech:Pedologie a výživa rostlin
Course title in English:Soil Science and Plant Nutrition
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (5 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/2
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor
Semester:WS 2018/2019 - FA
Name of lecturer:Ing. Jiří Antošovský (examiner, instructor)
Ing. Jiří Jandák, CSc. (examiner, instructor, lecturer)
doc. RNDr. Lubica Pospíšilová, CSc. (examiner, instructor, lecturer)
doc. Ing. Pavel Ryant, Ph.D. (examiner, lecturer, supervisor)
Ing. Jana Šimečková (instructor)
Prerequisites:none
 
Aims of the course:To acquaint the students with factors limiting plant production. To give a compact survey of the classification, evaluation and exploitation of soils in the Czech Republic pursuant to valid legislation. To explain the principles of maintaining soil fertility in relation to the evaluation of costs of inputs for agricultural production.
Course contents:
1.Soil science -- basic conceptions and purport. Mineral proportion of soils. (allowance 1/0)
2.Physical characteristics of soils (allowance 7/8)
 
a.Mechanical (particle size) soil composition. (Soil types according to Novák. Classes based on soil particle size according to the Taxonomic classification system of soils of the Czech Republic).
b.Soil structure.
c.Basic characteristics of the spatial arrangement of soil particles (Soil porosity. Specific weight and specific gravity of soils).
d.Soil moisture, soil water energy, hydrology limits of soils
e.Water balance and water regime of soil.
f.Consistence and technological properties of soil.

3.Soil organic matter. (allowance 1/1)
4.Classification of soils. (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Soil-genetic factors and conditions.
b.Taxonomic classification system of soils of the Czech Republic. Characteristics of the basic soil units.

5.Agricultural land resources, land valuation. (allowance 1/1)
6.Agrochemical soil properties. (allowance 6/8)
 
a.Soil colloids.
b.Sorption of nutrients in the soil.
c.Soil reactions and buffering capacity of soils.
d.Soil nutrient regime. Nitrogen, its forms and transformations in soil. Forms of other macro elements, or micro elements, in the soil.

7.Plant nutrients. (allowance 3/4)
 
a.Importance of biogenic elements, nutrient uptake and transport in the plant.
b.Root and extra-root plant nutrition. Forms of nutrients for extra-root nutrition.
c.Role of the individual nutrients in the plant, symptoms of deficiency, or surplus.

8.Fertilisers. (allowance 3/0)
 
a.Mineral fertilisers. Nitrogenous fertilisers -- production, division, characteristics of the basic fertilisers. Phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and combined fertilisers.
b.Organic fertilisers.
c.Legislation.

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-ability to analyse and synthesize
-ability to communicate with professionals in different field of study

Specific competences:
 
-Ability of evaluation of agrochemical soil analysis and the suggestion of liming, fertilization and correction of nutrition
-Ability to distinguish basic soil units in the Czech Republic in relation to the soil valuation and land use
-Knowledge about the importance and needs of nutrients in crops
-Knowledge of composition and use of mineral fertilizers
-Knowledge of physical and chemical soil properties limiting crop production

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:Attendance at labs and submission of protocols from labs (total 5) are compulsory. In the 6th and 12th week of the semester is two written tests. Minimum success rate is 75%. Credit is compulsory for final exam participation. The exam has two parts - written and oral. The written test consists of questions from pedology. Followed by oral part where the student draws three questions from plant nutrition. Each question is separately classified and the final grade is the average for both parts of the exam. The final exam usually takes 60 minutes.
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture28 h
     laboratory work28 h
     consultation2 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam40 h
     preparation for regular testing22 h
     elaboration of reports20 h
Total140 h

Basic reading list
  • JANDÁK, J. -- POKORNÝ, E. -- PRAX, A. Půdoznalství. 2nd ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 2007. 142 p. ISBN 978-80-7157-559-7.
  • RYANT, P. et al. Multimediální učební texty z výživy rostlin.  [online]. 2003. URL: http://web2.mendelu.cz/af_221_multitext/vyziva_rostlin.
  • JANDÁK, J. et al. Cvičení z půdoznalství. 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 2003. 92 p. ISBN 80-7157-733-2.
  • RICHTER, R. -- HŘIVNA, L. -- HLUŠEK, J. Výživa a hnojení rostlin: praktická cvičení. 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 1999. 187 p. ISBN 80-7157-346-9.
Recommended reading list
  • SUMNER, M E. Handbook of Soil Science. London: CRC PRESS, 2000. 1450 p. ISBN 0-8493-3136-6.