Study programmes / B-PPR Plant Protection / Fodder Production
Course code:PIC
Course title in language of instruction:Pícninářství
Course title in Czech:Pícninářství
Course title in English:Fodder Production
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (5 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/2
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor
Semester:SS 2019/2020 - FA
Name of lecturer:Ing. Iva Čáslavová (instructor)
doc. Ing. Stanislav Hejduk, Ph.D. (examiner, instructor, lecturer, supervisor)
Ing. Pavlína Hloucalová (instructor)
prof. Ing. Jiří Skládanka, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Aims of the course:The goal of the subject is to acquire knowledge, skills and competencies in the area of forage crops cultivation and production in areas with climate of central Europe. The issue of permanent grasslands (meadows and pastures) will be shortly introduced. Students will learn about management of temporary mixtures of grasses and legumes and annual forage crops, including harvest technology and their preservation. Students get acquainted with qualitative parameters forage, development in growing areas compared to other states. The classes include also principles of the forage production plans on farm level for cattle and about crop rotations which support improvement of soil health and fertility. Students will acquire specialized skills and abilities and will be able to integrate knowledge from related fields (Soil, Plant Physiology, Nutrition of farm animals, Plant Protection, Microbiology).
Course contents:
1.Perennial forage legumes (allowance 2/2)
a.Introduction, morphology, biology and ecology of forage legumes
b.Yield formation of the main forage legumes
c.Distinguishing of legume seeds and forage seed production

2.Forage perennial grasses (allowance 2/2)
a.Morphology, biology and ecology of the main species
b.Agronomical characteristics specifics of yield forming at main species
c.Seed distinguishing and seed production of forage grasses

3.Grass-legumes mixtures (allowance 2/4)
a.Principles of legume-grass mixtures design
b.Designing of the temporary mixtures on arable land

4.Annual forages (allowance 4/2)
a.Cereals and silage maize
b.Forage legumes and brassicae family
c.Fodder root crops and catch crops
d.Principles of anual forages mixture designing

5.Forage conservation (allowance 2/2)
a.Hay making
b.Silage making
c.Technical equipment for forage conservation
d.Hay and silage evaluation

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
-ability to apply knowledge
-ability to work independently
-professional knowledge
-science and research skills
-skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
-Ability to calculate a seeding rate and a price of clover-grass mixtures
-Ability to evaluate a quality of preserved forage by his senses
-Ability to project time schedule of forage harvest at farm during a growing season
-Knowledge of grass-clover mixture composition
-The skill of distinguishing of forage grass and clovers seeds

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:The conditions for the succesfull termination of the subject will be the attendance at labs (10%),
knowledge of forage seeds (10%), identification of forage plants in flowering stage (10%), project elaboration (10%), submission and presentation of seminar work (10%) and test and oral examination (50%).
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture24 h
     practice24 h
     field work2 h
     professional educational excursion8 h
     consultation4 h
     project work8 h
     public presentation (oral)2 h
     preparation for exam34 h
     preparation for regular assessment12 h
     preparation of presentation4 h
     elaboration and execution of projects4 h
     writing of seminar paper14 h
Total140 h

Basic reading list
  • Col. Forages: the science of grassland agriculture. 6th ed. Ames: Iowa State Press, 2007. 791 p. ISBN 978-0-8138-0232-9.
  • HRABĚ, F. et al. Trávy a jetelovinotrávy v zemědělské praxi. 1st ed. Olomouc: Petr Baštan, 2004. 121 p. ISBN 80-903275-1-6.
  • SKLÁDANKA, J. et al. Pícninářství. 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova univerzita v Brně, 2014. 367 p. ISBN 978-80-7509-111-6.
Recommended reading list
  • HRABĚ, F. -- ŘÍMOVSKÝ, K. -- VÍTEK, L. Pícninářství: cvičení. 1st ed. Brno: MZLU, 1995. 110 p. ISBN 80-7157-173-3.