Study programmes / B-PPR Plant Protection / General Plant Production
Course code:OPR
Course title in language of instruction:Obecná produkce rostlinná
Course title in Czech:Obecná produkce rostlinná
Course title in English:General Plant Production
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (5 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/2
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor
Semester:WS 2019/2020 - FA
Name of lecturer:Ing. Tamara Dryšlová, Ph.D. (instructor)
prof. Ing. Jan Křen, CSc. (examiner, lecturer, supervisor)
Ing. Lubomír Neudert, Ph.D. (examiner, instructor, lecturer)
Prerequisites:none
 
Aims of the course:To enable students to obtain knowledge about effective use of the soil, vegetation and production factors in crop growing and farming in the landscape. To teach bases of plant production, to emphasize impacts on the environment and soil.
Course contents:
1.Vegetation and production factors and their use in plant growing. Site characteristics and productivity, carrying capacity of the environment, soil fertility, soil bioenergetic potential. (allowance 2/2)
2.Partition of the production territory into production regions and crop production zoning as a basis of effective farming (allowance 2/2)
3.Systemic approach to crop production. History of development of agricultural systems. (allowance 4/0)
4.Possibilities of soil tillage to manage air, temperature and moisture regimes in the rhizosphere, importance of soil tillage. Soil maturity. Basic operations in the soil tillage system, organic matter incorporation into the soil, soil compaction. (allowance 4/8)
5.Seedbed preparation. Conventional, conservation and minimum soil tillage practices for establishing stands of field crops. (allowance 4/8)
6.Principles of crop alternation on the soil and crop rotations as a factor that enables to maintain soil fertility and equilibrium in the landscape. Ecological importance of crop alternation, inter crops as protection of the soil fund. (allowance 6/8)
7.Basic knowledge about field crops, fodder crops and weeds including their recognition (growing plants and seeds). Weeds in agrophytocenoses, possibilities and methods for their management. Integrated plant protection. Herbicides, their importance and impacts on the environment. (allowance 3/0)
8.Problems of sustainability of crop production systems at different farming practices on the soil (conventional, integrated, low input, ecological, precision farming). Current issues of plant production in the CR, comparison with advanced western countries (EU, USA). (allowance 3/0)

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-ability to analyse and synthesize
-ability to apply knowledge
-ability to make decisions
-ability to organize and plan ahead
-ability to solve problems
-ability to work independently
-professional knowledge

Specific competences:
 
-Ability for effective arable farming in the Czech Republic using zoning of crop production and to solve basic problems of field crops growing
-Competence for self-decision about cropping measures (especially soil tillage, crop rotation and weed control)
-Competence to use the regulatory rules for land management (cross compliance, SMR, GAEC)
-Gaining skills to use vegetation and production factors when growing field crops
-The ability to make decisions for various types of land management (conventional, integrated, organic and precise).

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:A class ticket (credit) and oral examination. Condition for credit is a student paticipation and activity at seminars, knowledge of field crop and weed seeds and the quality of crop rotation project processing. Oral exam takes about 30 minutes.
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture28 h
     practice10 h
     field work8 h
     professional educational excursion8 h
     consultation2 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam42 h
     preparation for regular assessment10 h
     preparation for regular testing12 h
     elaboration and execution of projects20 h
Total140 h

Basic reading list
  • KOSTELANSKÝ, F. Obecná produkce rostlinná. 2nd ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 2004. 212 p. ISBN 80-7157-765-0.
  • HŮLA, J. -- PROCHÁZKOVÁ, B. et al. Minimalizace zpracování půdy. 1st ed. Praha: Profi Press, 2008. 248 p. ISBN 978-80-86726-28-1.
  • KVĚCH, O. et al. Osevní postupy. 1st ed. Praha: Státní zemědělské nakladatelství, 1985. 203 p.
  • HŮLA, J. -- MAYER, V. Technologické systémy a stroje pro zpracování půdy. 1st ed. Praha: Institut výchovy a vzdělávání Ministerstva zemědělství ČR, 1999. 35 p. Mechanizace. ISBN 80-7105-187-X.
Recommended reading list
  • DEMO, M. Usporiadanie a využívanie pôdy v poľnohospodárskej krajine. 1st ed. Nitra: SPU, 1998. 302 p. ISBN 80-7137-525-X.
  • Environmentally-Sound adaptable tillage. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2008. 354 p. ISBN 978-963-05-8631-3.
  • WIERSEMA, J H. -- LEÓN, B. World Economic Plants : A Standard Reference. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 1999. 35 p. ISBN 0-8493-2119-0.
  • JONES, J B. Agronomic handbook: management of crops, soils, and their fertility. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2003. 450 p. ISBN 0-8493-0897-6.
  • Principles of crop production: theory, techniques, and technology. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall, 740 p. ISBN 0-13-114556-8.
  • WILSON, G A. Multifunctional agriculture: a transition theory perspective. Wallingford: CABI , 2007. 374 p. ISBN 978-1-84593-256-5.