Study programmes / B-PPR Plant Protection / Growing root crops and oil seeds
Course code:POTP1
Course title in language of instruction:Pěstování okopanin a olejnin
Course title in Czech:Pěstování okopanin a olejnin
Course title in English:Growing root crops and oil seeds
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (5 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/2
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor
Semester:SS 2019/2020 - FA
Name of lecturer:Ing. Petr Elzner, Ph.D. (instructor)
prof. Ing. Miroslav Jůzl, CSc. (examiner, instructor, lecturer, supervisor, tutor)
Prerequisites:none
 
Aims of the course:The aim of the course is to gain theoretical knowledge and practical skills in the field of growing seed and bulb root crops and oil crops. On the basis of the knowledge, students will master skills that will enable them to use modern growing technologies of root and oil crops, including harvest and post-harvest adjustments. Students will be able to use their advanced skills in solving complex problems of growing root and oil crops with the focus on quality control and use on the Czech market as well as the one abroad. Moreover, the objective is to teach students to independently manage growing of root and oil crops and take responsibility for managing technical workers and the achieved results of crops growing.
Course contents:
1.Biological and agrotechnical characteristics of root crops. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Classification of root crops, production characteristics. Length of vegetation, crop rotation, requirements for soil processing.
b.Growth and development of root crops, yield-formating components, production evaluation of species and varieties of root crops (types and utilization ways). Fertilizing ways. Maturity of root crops. Seed and seedlings. Specificity of stand establishment of "wide-row crops", population density.

2.Importance, biology and yield creation of potatoes. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Use of potatoes and their products, utilization ways, varieties. Yield, impact of weather conditions on production yield and quality.
b.Growth and impact of cultivation treatments.

3.Growing of potatoes. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Differentiation of nutrients doses in industrial fertilizers according to the length of vegetation and utilization ways. Mechanical, chemical and biological seedlings preparation. Crop rotation, basic soil autumn preparation.
b.Pre-sowing soil preparation. Plantation.

4.Harvest and post-harvest treatment of potatoes. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Potatoes harvest. Full-scale and partial cultivation of stands, treatment against pests.
b.Post-harvest treatment, storage.

5.Planting of potatoes. Other bulb root crops. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Alternation of planting, planting localities, agrotechnics of reproduction stands. Localities for early potatoes growing, agrotechnics of early potatoes varieties.
b.Other bulb root crops -- topinambour.

6.Seed root crops. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Specificity of stand establishment of seed root crops. Germination and emergence rate of seed, rate of emergence of a stand. Spacing...
b.Interspace (uniformity, poor within-row sparing uniformity) and density of a stand. Mathematical model in use.

7.Importance, biology and yield creation of sugar beet. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Economic importance, causes of stagnation, ways to improve production and quality. Use of yield-creating potential of varieties.
b.Dynamics of yield and quality creation, types and varieties of sugar beet.

8.Agrotechnics of sugar beet. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Development of growing technologies, requirements for seed, seed quality, the within-row planting distance. Emergence rate, manual work (singling, hand hoeing) and pesticides.
b.Crop rotation, soil preparation, fertilization, seed, planting of sugar beet. Anti-erosion agrotechnics. Protection of emerging sugar beet. Singling, stand treatment during vegetation, irrigation.

9.Fodder beet and other seed root crops. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Current situation and prospects of growing fodder beet in the Czech Republic and abroad. Types and varieties. Argotechnics. Mass production technologies of growing and storage.
b.Growing of chicory, fodder carrot, kale, turnip and navew.

10.Oil crops. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Growing scope in the Czech Republic and abroad, species, classification according to the content of fatty acids.
b.Oil chemistry and importance of winter rape.

11.Rape, poppy, sunflower. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Varieties, technologies and scope of growing.

12.Textile plants. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Flax, cannabis.
b.Varieties, technologies and scope of growing

13.Hop and other technical crops. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Varieties, technologies and scope of growing.
b.Areas of growing in the CR and abroad.

14.Medicinal, aromatic and spice herbs. (allowance 2/2) (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Classification and definitions.
b.Technologies and scope of growing.

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-ability to analyse and synthesize
-ability to apply knowledge
-ability to create new ideas (creativity)
-ability to solve problems
-ability to work independently
-professional knowledge
-skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
 
-Ability to select root crops suitable for different growing conditions
-Ability to select suitable oil crops for different growing conditions
-Adopt modern principles of qualitative evaluation of oil crops
-Adopt modern principles of qualitative evaluation of root crops
-Basic professional knowledge and skills of modern cultivation of root and oil crops

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:Compulsory participation in seminars; submission of a project -- selected root crops and oil seeds; credit test composed of questions from individual teaching areas at 80 %; oral test, three questions .
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture28 h
     practice10 h
     seminar4 h
     laboratory work10 h
     professional educational excursion4 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam40 h
     preparation for regular assessment12 h
     preparation for regular testing12 h
     preparation of presentation8 h
     elaboration of reports12 h
Total140 h

Basic reading list
  • ZIMOLKA, J. Speciální pprodukce rostlinná. MZLU v Brně: MZLU v Brně , 2008. 245 p. ISBN 978-80-7375-230-9.
  • VAŠÁK, J. et al. Mák. 1st ed. Praha: Powerprint, 2010. 336 p. ISBN 978-80-904011-8-1.
  • BARANYK, P. -- FÁBRY, A. et al. Řepka: pěstování, využití, ekonomika. 1st ed. Praha: Profi Press, 2007. 208 p. ISBN 978-80-86726-26-7.
  • VOKÁL, B. et al. Pěstování brambor. Praha: Agrospoj, 2004. 261 p. ISBN 80-239-4235-2.
  • PULKRÁBEK, J. et al. Řepa cukrová: pěstitelský rádce. 1st ed. České Budějovice: Kurent, 2007. 64 p. ISBN 978-80-87111-00-0.
  • WAYNE, S. Crop Production. USA, New York: John Wiley, 1995. 469 p. ISBN 0-471-07972-3.
Recommended reading list
  • PRUGAR, J. Kvalita rostlinných produktů na prahu 3. tisíciletí. Praha: VÚPS a ČAZV, 2008. ISBN 978-80-86576-28-2.
  • VOKÁL, B. -- ČEPL, J. -- HAMOUZ, K. Konzumní brambory na poli, zahradě a v kuchyni . Havlíčkův Brod: VÚB Havlíčkův Brod, 2009. 207 p.