Study programmes / B-PPR Plant Protection / Inorganic and Organic Chemistry - P
Course code:CAO-P
Course title in language of instruction:Chemie anorganická a organická - P
Course title in Czech:Chemie anorganická a organická - P
Course title in English:Inorganic and Organic Chemistry - P
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (4 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/0
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor
Semester:WS 2018/2019 - FA
Name of lecturer:doc. Mgr. Pavlína Pelcová, Ph.D. (examiner, lecturer, supervisor)
Mgr. Jiří Vlček, Ph.D. (examiner, lecturer)
Prerequisites:none
 
Aims of the course:Acquisition of fundamental knowledge of general, inorganic and organic chemistry necessary to understanding of plant and animal physiology and biochemistry. Structure of course includes acquisition of knowledge of structure and properties of chemical compounds with emphasis on application in agriculture.
Course contents:
1.Atomic and molecular structure (allowance 3/0)
 
a.Atomic structure: atomic nucleus, electron shell.
b.Periodic table, periodicity of chemical properties.
c.Molecular structure: chemical bonding, intermolecular bonding, hydrogen bond.

2.State of matter (allowance 1/0)
 
a.Gases: ideal and real gas laws.
b.Liquids: vapour pressure, surface tension, contact angle.
c.Solids: bonds, crystal and amorphous structure, isomorphism, polymorphism.

3.Thermodynamics (allowance 3/0)
 
a.Bioenergy: I. thermodynamic sentence, enthalpy. II. thermodynamic sentence, entropy. Gibbs' function. Thermodynamic of living systems.
b.Reactive kinetic: velocity of chemical reaction, activation energy. Catalysis, inhibition.
c.Equilibrium: Fundamental conditions of equilibrium. Phases equilibrium, Gibbs phases low. Equilibrium on phases boundary. Chemical equilibrium: thermodynamic of chemical reaction, Guldberg Waage low, equilibrium constant. Equilibrium influence of outer effects.

4.Dispersion systems (allowance 2/0)
 
a.Dispersion systems: General characterization. Solution.
b.Henry law, Raoult law, and their consequence. Osmotic pressure.
c.Diffusion. I. and II. Fick law.

5.Reaction in solution (allowance 3/0)
 
a.Electrolytes, their dissociation.
b.Acid-base reactions: acids, bases, their dissociation. pH, calculations of pH value. Isoelectric point. Structure and acid-base properties (Acids O, S, N, C).
c.Solubility reactions: solubility products. Formation and properties of precipitation.
d.Complex formation: equilibrium, stability constants. Central ions, ligands.
e.Electrochemistry: general terms. Electrode potential, Nernst equation, Nernst-Peterson equation.

6.Chemical elements and their compounds (allowance 2/0)
 
a.Chemical elements occurrence in nature, their biological displaying, chemical behaviour: classifying elements, bonding characterization.
b.Important compounds, reaction of chemical elements (compounds).
c.Ecological and biological utilization of elements and their compounds (biochemical cycles).
d.Chosen groups and single elements: Hydrogen, water. First vertical column (Na, K). Second vertical column (Mg, Ca). Third vertical group (B, Al). Forth vertical group (C, Si, Pb). Fifth vertical group (N, P, As). Sixth vertical group (O, S, Se). Seventh vertical group (F, Cl, Br, I).
e.Transition elements (Mn, Fe, Cu, Ag, Zn, Cd, Hg, Mo).

7.Chemistry of organic compounds (allowance 8/0)
 
a.Organic bonding, constitution, conformation, Organic nomenclature.
b.Mechanism of organic reactions. Induction and mesomer effect. Homolysis and heterolysis. Substrate (substitution, elimination, addition, reverse fault). Reagent (nucleophilic, electrophilic, radical). Oxidation and reduction of organic compounds. Polyreaction.
c.Hydrocarbons: Alkane, cykloalkane, alkene, alkyne. Aromatic hydrocarbons
d.Hydroxy derivates: alcohols, phenols, ethers. Organic compounds containing nitrogen and oxygen.
e.Carbonyl compounds. Aldehydes, ketones and their derivates (hemiacetals). Classification, sources, typical properties and changes, significance.
f.Carboxylic acids: mono-, di- and tricarboxylic acids and their functional derivatives: amides, esters. Substitution derivatives: hydroxy acids, oxo acids. Derivatives of carbon acid.

8.Basis chemistry od natural compounds (allowance 6/0)
 
a.Aminoacids: chemical properties, reactions. Peptidic bound and its properties.
b.Carbohydrates: monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides (structural and reservoar). Saccharides reactions. Saccharides derivates, glycosides.
c.Lipids: simple and complex.
d.Terpens: from mono- to polyterpens.

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-ability to solve problems
-ability to work independently
-basic computing skills
-skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
 
-Ability in processing of chemical calculations by application of mathematical methods
-Ability to apply knowledge of the principles of substance and energy transformations in organisms
-Knowledge of chemicals used in practice, including how risks and their applications
-Knowledge of the nomenclature of inorganic and organic substances
-Knowledge of the structure of matter as the system of chemical elements and com

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:Written exam, success rate above 50%. Credit from laboratory practice is required (Course Chemistry inorganic and organic chemistry - laboratory exercises).
Specification of conditions is presents in a detailed syllabus of given academic year.
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture28 h
     consultation14 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam70 h
Total112 h

Basic reading list
  • NEDOMA, J. -- KOUTNÍK, V. -- HRDLIČKA, P. Anorganická a analytická chemie. 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 1994. 224 p. ISBN 80-7157-133-4.
  • VACEK, L. Organická chemie. 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita, 1995. 227 p. ISBN 80-7157-140-7.
  • POTÁČEK, M. Organická chemie pro biology. 3rd ed. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2002. 208 p. ISBN 80-210-2850-5.
Recommended reading list
  • HRDLIČKA, P. -- STŘELCOVÁ, M. Vybrané laboratorní úlohy z chemie: (praktická cvičení). 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova univerzita v Brně, 2012. 102 p. ISBN 978-80-7375-596-6.
  • ABSOLÍNOVÁ, H. Organická chemie - cvičení. 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 2002. 46 p. ISBN 80-7157-573-9.
  • PELCOVÁ, P. Názvosloví anorganických sloučenin a chemické výpočty. 1st ed. Brno: ES MZLU Brno, 2009. ISBN 978-80-7375-314-6.
  • FIKR, J. -- KAHOVEC, J. Názvosloví organické chemie. 2nd ed. Olomouc: Rubico, 2005. 247 p. ISBN 80-7346-017-3.
  • DVOŘÁČKOVÁ, E. -- HELÁNOVÁ, V. Názvosloví a reakce organických sloučenin. 157 p. ISBN 978-80-7375-901-8.