Study programmes / B-PPR Plant Protection / Plant Anatomy and Morphology
Course code:AMOR
Course title in language of instruction:Anatomie a morfologie rostlin
Course title in Czech:Anatomie a morfologie rostlin
Course title in English:Plant Anatomy and Morphology
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (6 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/2
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:bachelor
Semester:WS 2018/2019 - FA
Name of lecturer:prof. RNDr. Ladislav Havel, CSc. (examiner, lecturer, supervisor)
Mgr. Martin Jiroušek, Ph.D. (examiner, instructor)
Ing. Jan Winkler, Ph.D. (examiner, instructor, lecturer)
Mgr. Magda Zdražílková, Ph.D. (instructor)
Prerequisites:none
 
Aims of the course:The structure of vascular plants from the level of single cell to the level of whole organism will be presented. The students will attain knowledge of the structure of plant organism from cell to the whole organism level and the mechanisms of plant multiplication and life cycle. The skills in speciman preparation for microscopic observation, light microscopy will be attained in the practical training.
Course contents:
1.Introduction (allowance 1/1)
 
a.Basic terminology of botany
b.Parts of plants

2.Plant cell (allowance 4/4)
 
a.Classification of cell - prokaryotic, eukaryotic - animal, plant, fungus cell
b.Basic parts of plant cell
c.Biological membrane
d.Cell organelles
e.Cytoskelet
f.Cytoplasm
g.Cell inclusions

3.Plant cell wall (allowance 1/1)
 
a.Chemical composition
b.Structure
c.Pits
d.Intercellular spaces

4.Cell division (allowance 2/2)
 
a.DNA - compositon and structure
b.Chromosom - chemical compositon and structure in interphase and mitosis
c.Karyokinesis - mitosis, meiosis, amitosis
d.Cytokoinesis
e.Cell cycle

5.Plant tissues (allowance 6/6)
 
a.Classification of tissues
b.Classification based on cell wall and shape
c.Classification based on origin
d.Classification based on type of growth, primary and secondary tisseus
e.Classification based on localization
f.Classification based on function
g.Meristematic tissues, zones in apical meristem
h.Dermal tissues
i.Gas exchange tissues
j.Absorbtion tissues
k.Conductive tissues
l.Excretion tissues
m.Photosynthetic tissues
n.Storage tissues
o.Supporting (mechanical tissues

6.Root (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Primary structure
b.Secondary structure
c.Morphology
d.Branching
e.Root system
f.Metamorphoses

7.Stem (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Primary structure
b.Secondary structure
c.Morphology
d.Branching
e.Metamorphoses

8.Leaf and bud (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Leaf anatomy
b.Leaf morphology
c.Leaf metamorphoses
d.Leaf modifications
e.Leaf abscission
f.Bud structure
g.Bud classification

9.Flower (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Morphology, pedicel, receptacle, calyx, corona, perianth
b.Stamen
c.Pistil
d.Inflorescence

10.Pollination and fertilizacition (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Ovule
b.Embryonal sac
c.Methods of pollination
d.Double fertilization
e.Apomixis

11.Seed (allowance 1/1)
 
a.Structure
b.Development
c.Embryogenesis
d.Endosperm

12.Fruit (allowance 1/1)
 
a.Structure
b.Development
c.Classification
d.Dispersal

13.Plant life cycle (allowance 2/2)
 
a.Alternation of generations (metagenesis)
b.Sporophyte developmental phasis of gymnosperms and angiosperms
c.Plant longevity

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-ability to analyse and synthesize
-ability to communicate with professionals in different field of study
-ability to create new ideas (creativity)
-capacity to learn
-general knowledge
-science and research skills

Specific competences:
 
-Ability to apply the acquired knowledge and skills in the field of plant morphology and anatomy
-Ability to utilize plant anatomy and morphology in other courses and in praxis
-Gaining experience with methods dealing with plant structures
-Knowledge of rules of generative and vegetative plant multiplication
-Knowledge of the structure of plants from cells and tissues to organs

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:The course is finished and credits are obtained with successful completion of practical training and final examination.

Participation in the laboratory work (max. 2 excused absences are tolerated), submission of protocols from laboratory topics, and receiving at least of 10 points of maximum (15 points) from all of the 3 partial written tests are required during practical trainings.

The examination consists of written and oral part. The written part consists of a written test (10 short questions). The minimum points which are necessary for to get to the oral part of the exam are 13 (respond to 66% of maximum points). The oral part of the exam consists of 3 randomly selected questions. The questions relate to the syllabus topics. At least 50% of an excellent answer is necessary to pass the oral part successfully.
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture24 h
     practice24 h
     consultation8 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam70 h
     preparation for regular assessment8 h
     preparation for regular testing16 h
     elaboration of reports18 h
Total168 h

Basic reading list
  • PROCHÁZKA, S. et al. Botanika: morfologie a fyziologie rostlin. 3rd ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 2007. 242 p. ISBN 978-80-7375-125-8.
  • SLABÝ, K. -- KREJČÍ, P. Anatomie a morfologie rostlin: (návody do cvičení). 1st ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 2005. 93 p. ISBN 80-7157-873-8.
  • VOTRUBOVÁ, O. Anatomie rostlin. Praha: Karolinum, 2011. 192 p. ISBN 978-80-246-1867-8.
  • SLAVÍKOVÁ, Z. Morfologie rostlin. Praha: Karolinum, 2002. 218 p. ISBN 80-246-0327-6.
  • LUX, A. Obrazový průvodce anatomií rostlin / Visual Guide to Plant Anatomy. Praha: Academia, 2017. 328 p. ISBN 978-80-200-2620-0.
Recommended reading list
  • MAUSETH, J D. Botany : a introduction to plant biology. 3rd ed. Sudbury, Massachusetts: Jones and Bartlett, 2003. 848 p. ISBN 0-7637-2134-4.
  • Anatomy of flowering plants: an introduction to structure and development. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. 145 p. ISBN 978-0-521-69245-8.
  • BOTHA, C E J. -- STEVENSON, D W. Plant anatomy: an applied approach. Malden: Blackwell Publishing, 2008. 302 p. ISBN 978-1-4051-2679-3.