Study programmes / C-FT Chemistry and Food Technology / Physical Chemistry
Course code:CFZ
Course title in language of instruction:Chemie fyzikální
Course title in Czech:Chemie fyzikální
Course title in English:Physical Chemistry
Mode of completion and number of credits:Exam (5 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes:full-time, 2/2
(full-time, hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction:Czech
Level of course:master
Semester:WS 2018/2019 - FA
Name of lecturer:Ing. Pavlína Adam, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Ing. David Hynek, Ph.D. (examiner, lecturer, supervisor)
Mgr. Jiří Vlček, Ph.D. (instructor)
Prerequisites:none
 
Aims of the course:This course provides students with basic knowledge of physical chemistry. The aim is to achieve education for the student to obtain knowledge about the structure and properties of substances and physico-chemical processes in chemical and biological systems. Practical training is focused on the application of physicochemical methods.
Course contents:
1.Basic concepts of physical chemistry (allowance 2/0)
2.Latent conditions (allowance 2/0)
 
a.Gases: equation of state of ideal and real gas.
b.Liquids: vapor pressure, surface tension, contact angle, viscosity.
c.Solids: classification, crystalline and amorphous structure, isomorfie, polymorphism.

3.Fundamentals of thermodynamics (allowance 3/0)
 
a.Basic concepts. Energy, heat, work.
b.First law of thermodynamics, enthalpy. Thermochemistry. Calorimetry.
c.II. law of thermodynamics, entropy, spontaneous processes.
d.Helmholtz Gibssova and function. Chemical potential. The third law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamics and living systems.

4.Phase equilibria (allowance 3/0)
 
a.General conditions of equilibrium conditions. Gibbs phase rule.
b.One-component systems. Clapeyron and Clausius-Clapeyron equation.
c.Two-component system. Mixing function. Ideal and real solutions. Fugacity and activity. Raoult's and Henry law.
d.Colligative properties of the solution and its biological significance.
e.Three-component system.
f.Distribution balance.
g.Balance at the interface.

5.Chemical equilibrium (allowance 2/0)
 
a.The equilibrium constant, the extent of reaction and degree of transformation.
b.Conditions for balance and be influenced by its outward influences.

6.Electrolyte solutions (allowance 2/0)
 
a.Electrolytic dissociation. Activity and activity koeficient.Teorie strong electrolyte. The theory of weak electrolyte.
b.Acid-base balance of the selected system.
c.Electrolytic conductivity, conductometry.

7.Electrochemical equilibrium of heterogeneous systems (allowance 4/0)
 
a.The speed of chemical reactions. Total and partial responses like.
b.Types of chemical reactions.
c.Kinetics of elementary chemical reactions.
d.Theory of reaction velocities.
e.Dependence of rate constant on temperature.
f.Reaction coordinate.
g.More complex kinetics of chemical reactions.

8.Colloidal Systems (allowance 2/0)
 
a.Types and characteristics of disperse systems.
b.Electrokinetic phenomena.

9.Molecular transport (allowance 2/0)
 
a.Diffusion.
b.Types and properties of membranes.
c.Membrane technology.

10.Physical properties of materials (allowance 2/0)
 
a.Electrical, magnetic and optical properties.
b.Methods of study materials.

11.Practical laboratory exercises (allowance 0/28)
 
a.Electrochemical methods: potentiometry, conductometry.
b.Absorption spectrophotometry: absorption spectrum of substances, the dependence of the spectrum acidobasického pH indicator.
c.Polarimetry and refractometry.
d.Physical properties of liquids: viscosity and surface tension.

Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-ability to apply knowledge
-ability to create new ideas (creativity)
-ability to work independently
-professional knowledge
-skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
 
-Application of basic thermodynamic quantities in equilibrium processes
-Competence to perform basic practical procedures physicochemical methods
-Gaining knowledge about basic physico-chemical processes
-Learning basic concepts and knowledge of physical chemistry
-The ability to describe the phase changes of substances and mixtures

Type of course unit:required
Year of study:Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement:There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules:none
Assessment methods:The condition is to obtain credit from a practical laboratory exercises (must participate in all the exercises + protocols + submission to the prescribed number of points in the continuous tests - 60%). A written exam (15 questions, 60 min.)is passed when 60% of points is achieved.
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load)
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture28 h
     practice28 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam56 h
     preparation for regular testing14 h
     elaboration of reports14 h
Total140 h

Basic reading list
  • Fyzikální chemie. 2nd ed. Praha: Státní nakladatelství technické literatury, 1981. 974 p.
  • BRDIČKA, R. -- KALOUSEK, M. -- SCHÜTZ, A. Úvod do fyzikální chemie.
  • VODRÁŽKA, Z. Fyzikální chemie pro biologické vědy. 1st ed. Praha: Academia ČSAV, 1982. 565 p.